Six rows of a parallel wall system limited access to the Altai Mountain complex from the north via the valley of the Katun River. Their width is a substantial ten metres with an impressive height of up to eight metres.
'To the east of these walls is a fairly wide passage, which is limited at the mountainside by another series of walls, oriented west-east across the Katun valley,' he said.
'But I still believe that in Middle Ages there was not a big enough community here which could afford to build such a formidable construction.
'Besides, there also was no need for such a construction because in Middle Ages there were a lot of small, scattered communities here.' 'This is the era of late Bronze Age and early Iron Age, including the Hunnish time on the eve of the Great Migration of Nations.
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Problem the pass is on a small hill the end of which enters into the modern town.
I need a local to produce a big scale picture of how this obstacle would have worked I'm looking forward to further updates on the exploration of this developed wall. So much history unknown by the wider, western world.
In this way access from the steppes to the mountains - the home of ancient civilisations, for example of the Pazyryk people - could be controlled.The wall complex - now almost hidden to the naked eye - is believed to date from a long era that also saw such constructions as the Great Wall of China and Hadrian's Wall.Concealed under thick layers of turf are huge stones put in place by ancient man, says the scientist.The textiles recovered in Timna, he said, were colored with true dye, which is characterized by a chemical bond between dye and fiber, attesting to professional knowledge and skill in the art of dyeing during this period.Sukenik noted that the colored woolen textiles came as a surprise to the researchers, since during the Iron Age Timna was principally an important smelting and mining site for the production of copper.“The findings indicate that the society at Timna, identified with the Kingdom of Edom, was hierarchical and included an upper class that had access to colorful, prestigious textiles,” she said.“The context in which the textiles were found suggests that the metalworkers responsible for operating the smelting furnaces were members of this class,” Sukenik added, noting that converting stone into copper required considerable skill.“It was one of the most specialized crafts of the ancient world, and the metalworkers apparently enjoyed high social status and wore distinctive, colored garments,” the researcher said.“In this sense, the findings are a real innovation, since they contradict the previous research supposition that the furnaces in the heart of the desert were operated by slaves.”The rare 3,000-year-old dyed textiles also shed unprecedented light on the fashion elite of the Iron Age, including information regarding social stratification and organization of early Edom, the economic status of the local population, trade connections, and technological capabilities.